Name - पातालगरुडी

Botanical name - Cocculus hirsutus

Description - Straggling, scandent shrub with soft, villous young parts; leaves simple, alternate, ovate-oblong, obtuse, apiculate, subcordate or truncate at the base, soft villous on both sides, petioles densely villous; male flowers small in axillary cymose panicles, female flowers 2-3 together in axillary clusters; fruits transversely rugose, purplish black drupes sedative

Chemical Constituents- Plant contains isoquinoline alkaloid cohirsitinine, cohirsinine, staheenine hirsutine, cocculine-N-oxide, trilobine, isotrilobine, protoquercitol, lignin syringaresinol. Roots contain D-trilobine and DL-coclaurine, Beta-sitosterol, ginol and monomethyl ether of inositol, essential oil and two alkaloids. Stem and roots contain trilobine, isotrilobine, coclaurine and magnoflorine. Leaves contain jamtine-N-oxide, erythrina alkaloids cocculidine, cocculine, isococculidine, coccoline, coccuvine, coccuvinine, cocculitine, isococculine,, dibenzonine alkaloids - laurifonine, laurifine and laurifinine; also contains erythroculine, l-reticuline, laurifoline and magnoflorine.


Use - Root: bitter, acrid, thermogenic, laxative, emollient, alternate, digestive, demulcent, alexiteric, carminative, diuretic, aphrodisiac, anodyne, expectorant, tonic and antipyretic, in vitiating conditions of kapha and vata, poisonous bites, leprosy, skin diseases, pruritus, dyspepsia, colic, bronchitis, gout, cephalalgia, intermittent fever, tubercular glands, fractures, spermatorrhoea, urethrorrhoea, hypertension, general debility, in acute rheumatism and venereal diseases. 

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants