Mesua ferrea

  • Name -नागकॆशरः , नागकिञ्जल्कः

    Botanical name - Mesua ferrea

     

     

    Description- This consists of the stamens of Mesua ferrea Linn. Of the Family Guttiferae.. However, in Tamil Nadu state and the adjacent. States two different materials are used as nagakesara, One Consists of the tender fruits of Cinnamomum wighti of the family Lauraceae. This is called as sirunagappoo in Tamil. The other is the fruits of Dillenia pentagyna roxb. Of the family Dilleniaceae. It is known as malabar nagakesara.

    Chemical Constituents- It contains essential oil and bitter principle mesuol

     

    Use - The drug is aromatic. A scent is extracted from this. It is astringent, stomachic and useful in Coughs

  • Name -नागकॆशरः

    Botanical name - Mesua ferrea

     

     

    Description- This consists of the stamens of Mesua ferrea Linn. Of the Family Guttiferae.. However, in Tamil Nadu state and the adjacent. States two different materials are used as nagakesara, One Consists of the tender fruits of Cinnamomum wighti of the family Lauraceae. This is called as sirunagappoo in Tamil. The other is the fruits of Dillenia pentagyna roxb. Of the family Dilleniaceae. It is known as malabar nagakesara.

    Chemical Constituents- It contains essential oil and bitter principle mesuol

     

    Use - The drug is aromatic. A scent is extracted from this. It is astringent, stomachic and useful in Coughs

  • Name -हरिद्रा

    Botanical name - Curcuma longa

     

     

    Description- Herb with large ovoid rootstock, sessile tubers thick, cylindric, bright yellow inside; petiole 60 cm long, leaves green, 30-45 cm by 10-20 cm; peduncle 15 cm or more long, hidden by sheathing petiole, spikes 10-15 cm, about 5 cm in diameter; brads pale green, ovate, about 3.7 cm long, those of the coma pale pink; flowers yellowish long as the bracts.

    Chemical Constituents- It contains alkaloid curcumin and essential oil. Choleretic action of the essential oil is attributed to p-tolymethyl carbmol. Dye stuff acts as a cholagogue causing the contraction of gall bladder. The antioxidant properties of turmeric are due to phenolic character of curmin. Rhizome contains essential oil, colouring matter curcumin, neutral polysaccharide Ukonan D.

     

    Use - Rhizome is the source of Turmeric. Used as a stimulant, tonic, stomachic and depurative. Used in combinations for sprains and bruises. Essential oil from rhizome used as a carminative, stomachic and tonic. ---- It is used in diabetes, to treat skin disorders, as a face application, in food articles, as a medicine for cancer, eczema, liver disorders, cough, cold asthama, hair remover, and in colouring. 

  • पूगः- Areca catechu

     

     

    Name -क्रमुकः

    Botanical name - Areca catechu

    Description- This consists of the seeds of Areca catechu linn of the Family Palmaceae. Tall trees topped by a crown of pinnate leaves. Fruits ovoid, orange or scarlet when ripe. Areca catechu a review---Variety :- 1.Tailvanam 2.Guhagaram 3.Gonta 4.Chedala 5.Velli 6. Chandrapura 7. Andradesha( Andra Pradesha) 8.Seri Part used Fruit, Root,Raw fruit,,Dry,Cooked,Cooked and dried, Ripened and raw, Ripe and dry, Young and raw, Center of fruit (tirulu), Chikkana, Gum of tree, Unripe, Leaves of tree,

    Chemical Constituents- It contains choline, isoguvocine, and alkaloids arecaine, arecaidine, arecoline and Guvacine. Arecoline exerts nicotine like action on rabbit. Nut contains tannin, alkaloids, oil, polyphenols mainly flavonoids. Most important alkaloid is arecoline. Other alkaloids are arecaidine, arecolidine, guvacine, guvacoline, isoguvacine norarecaidine and norarecoline

     

    Use - It is astringent, aphrodisiac, anthelmintic Nervine tonic, emmenagogue, vermifuge and taenifuge. It is useful in urinary disorders. Nuts used as a masticatory, fresh nuts intoxicating, juice of tender fruits laxative, burnt nuts used in dentrifice. 

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants