Botanical Name: Gardenia jasminoides Ellis.

Family: Rubiaceae

 

 Introduction:

It is an ornamental plant, used in folk medicine

 

Names in different Indian languages

 

English

Cape Jasmine

Hindi

 

Kannada

 

Malayalam

Gandharaaja

Sanskrit

Gandharaaja

Tamil

Karinga

Telugu

 

Unani

 

Folk

Gandharaaja

 

 

 

 

Synonyms

Gardenia florida Linn.

Gardenia augusta Merrill.

 

Classification according to Charaka, Susrutha & Vagbhata

 

Charaka

 

Susrutha

 

Vagbhata

 

 

          
        

  

 

Varieties & adulterants - (CV – controversy, AD – adulterants) 

 

Gardenia resinifera

 

 

 


Morphology

Evergreen shrub, 1-2 m height

Leaves – lanceolate, simple, opposite

Flower – white, fragrant  


Distribution & Habitat

All over India

 

Chemical constituents:

 geniposide, genipin, gardenoside and geniposidic acid

 

 

Karma -

cathartic, antispasmodic, anthelmintic, antiperiodic, antidaibetic, antidysenteric

 

 Indication:

hyperacidity, constipation, cholestasis, internally and externally for inflammation

 

Part used:

  Root,leaves, bark

 

Dosage: 

2-4g

 

 

Therapeutic Uses:

  1. Root powder useful in diarrhea

 

 

 

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants