अर्कनामा - Calotropis procera

 

Name - रक्तार्कः

Botanical name - Calotropis procera

Description - A shrub resembling Calotropis gigantea but not over 1.20 m high; leaves opposite, simple, oblong, cordate, usually suddenly, often sharply acute or submucronate; peduncles often paired, tomentose, and often branched; flowers about 12 mm, having lobes erect, white with purple blotch on the upper half, coronal process with a purple tinge, obtuse, muticous tip and fleshy upturned white base; follicles recurved, somewhat sausage-shaped, outer and inner coats with fibrous tissue between; seeds ovate, ± 6 mm, smooth with long comas.

Chemical Constituents- Leaves and stalks contain calotropin, calotropagenin; African plant contains voruscharin. Latex contains uzarigenin, syriogenin, proceroside, triterpene taraxasteryl acetate, terpenol ester. Root bark contains benzoylinesolone and benzoylisolinelone. Flowers contain calotropenyl acetate, steroidal hydroxyketone procesterol, multiflavenol, cyclosadol, Beta-sitosterol, alpha-amyrin, Beta-amyrin, stigmasterol. Plant contains cardenolide proceragenin

Use - Traditional use : LODHA : Latex : in toothache, in extracting thorn or spine-inserted deeply in any muscle, in fever caused by spleen disorder; MUNDA : (i) Latex: to mothers lacking milk, (ii) Leaf (fomented): against abdominal pain; ORAON : Latex: on rheumatic swellings; SANTAL : Leaf (fomented): to swellings due to sprain.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants