ककुभः  - Terminalia arjuna

 

Name - ककुभः

Botanical name - Terminalia arjuna

Description - A large evergreen tree with smooth grey bark exfoliating in large, thin, irregular sheets, often tinged with green and red. The leaves are oblong, opposite and sub-opposite. The leaves on the lower surface usually carry a pair of prominent glands close to the top of the leaf-stalk. The flowers are pale-yellowish-white, cup-shaped, resembling myrobalan, small and crowded on a long axis. It flowers from March to June when its honey attracts swarms of bees. The fruit is a winged nut, the leathery wings are usually five in number and are closely veined, the veins not spreading horizontally but tending to curve upwards. The fruit is tan-coloured when dry.

Chemical Constituents- Plant contains triterpene arjunolitin. Roots and root bark contain triterpenoid glycoside arjunoside I-IV, triterpene terminic acid. Stem bark contains flavone arjunolone, arjunglucoside, tannin, arjunic acid, arjunetin, arjungenin. Fruits contain Beta-sitosterol , friedelin, methyloleanolate, gallic acid, ellagic acid, arjunic acid, ceresidin, arjunone.

Use - Its bark is astringent and is used in fevers and in fractures and contusions; it is also taken as a cardiac tonic.----Bark styptic, tonic, febrifuge and anti-dysenteric; pulverised bark gives relief in symptomatic hypertension and acts as a diuretic in cirrhosis of liver. Fruits tonic and deobstruent. Juice of leaves used in earache

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants