कुष्ठगन्धिनी - Withania somnifera


Name - अश्वगन्धा

Botanical name - Withania somnifera

Description - Withania somnifera is a much branched erect undershrub. Ovate, stellately pubescent leaves & base acte. Lurid-Yellow flowers, usually about 5, together in a sessile or nearly sessile umbellate cyme. Smooth, red berries, enclosed in the inflated calyx which reaches more than len in Diam, and is globose slightly 5 angled, pointed with the connivent calyx-teeth & scurfy pubescent outside. Yellow scurfy seeds Root is used medicinally

Chemical Constituents- Plant contains withanolides 5-dehydroxywithanolide-R, withasomniferin-A, withanolide E, F, I, K, L, M, S, WS-I, P, G, H, J. Roots contain alkaloids, glycosides, dulcitol, withanol, acylstery glycoside - sitoindoside IX. Leaves contain steroids, alkaloids - withasomine, visamine, glycoside. Important alkaloids are cuscohygrine, anahygrine, tropine, pseudotropine, anaferine, isopelletierine, withaferin A.

Use - Ashvagandha is useful in consumption, sexual and general weakness and rheumatism. Roots used in hiccup, cough, dropsy, rheumatism and gynecological disorders and as a sedative in senile debility. It is diuretic, i.e. it promotes urination, acts as a narcotic, and removes functional obstructions of body. The root powder is applied locally on ulcers and inflammations. -- It is also useful in inflammatory conditions, ulcers and scabies as external application. Leaves used as a febrifuge and applied to lesions, painful swellings and sore eyes.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants