गॊस्तनी - Vitis vinifera

 

Name - द्राक्षा

Botanical name - Vitis vinifera

Description - Large deciduous tendrillar climbers. Leaves orbicular-cordate, palmately 3, 5 or 7-lobed, toothed, grey-tomentose beneath, membranous. Flowers green, in leaf-opposed dense panicles. Berry ovoid to globose, green, purple, blue or black, sweet.

Chemical Constituents- Fruit contains vitamins, phenolic compounds like pigments and tannins, volatile oils and wax. Seeds contain lipids, semi-drying oil. Anthocyanin pigments - 3-monoglucosides of maldivin, peonidin, delphinidin and petunidin acylated with either p-coumaric acid or caffeic acid, (+) catechin, (-)epicatechin and (-)epicatechin-3-gallate are also found.

Use - Fresh grapes are laxative, stomachic, diuretic, demulcent and cooling. Leaves astringent, sometimes used in diarrhoea. Sap of young branches used in skin affections.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants