चमः - Apium graveolens

 

Name - अजमॊदा

Botanical name - Apium graveolens

Description - Phytography: Plants are biennial; stem 0.3-2.4 m, erect, branching; leaves pinnate with large, deeply tobed segments, upper ones tripartite, others once or twice bifid, coarsely toothed at the apex; the inflorescence is a compound umbel of small white flowers; umbel rays 5-10; fruit 1.6-2.0 mm, ridged, narrow, vitta broad, taste aromatic, warm and pungent.

Chemical Constituents- Stem and Leaf: essential oil, but inferior to that from seed; Fruit: a number of furo coumarins, rutaretin, apiumetin, bergapten, isoimpinellin, isoimperatorin, coumarins; dehydroflurocoumarin glucoside; Seed: fatty acids, stigma sterol, pheromone steroid, an essential oil-called celery seed oil; Seed-husk: graveobioside A & B. Remarks: Extensively used as a condiment and to flavour food products, sauces, soups, pickles, pastries, perfumes, soaps and liquors. Two varieties of celery known: A. Graveolens var. dulce (Mill.) Pers. and var. rapaceum (Mill.) Gaudich. In India, the first variety is mainly cultivated.

Use - Traditional use : Root: alterative, diuretic, in anasarca and colic; decoction used in rheumatism and in rheumatoid arthritis. UNANI: Ingredient of 'Karafe'. Modern use: Seed: used as stimulant, carminative, nervine sedative, tonic, in cordial, emmenagogue, antiseptic, in asthma, bronchitis, liver and spleen diseases. In India, the celery oil is utilised as a tonic and nerve stimulant

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants