तालमूली - Curculigo orchioides


Name - मुशलीकन्दः

Botanical name - Curculigo orchioides

Description - Herbaceous plant, up to 45 cm high; rootstock tuberous or elongate, sometimes 30 cm long, stout; leaves long- or short-petioled, lanceolate, 15-40 cm by 1.25-2.0 cm, plicate, glabrous, scape 2.5 cm, clavate, flattened, hidden by leaf-sheath; bracts lanceolate, membranous; flowers subsessile, lowest bisexual, rest male, bright yellow, 1.25 cm broad; capsules 1.25 cm, oblong, beaked, 1- to 4-seeded; seeds black, shining, 0.3 cm long, deeply grooved in wavy lines.

Chemical Constituents- Roots contains methoxy ketone. Rhizome contains phenolic glycoside curculigoside, orcinol glycoside corchioside A, hentriacontanol, sitosterol, stigmasterol, cycloartenol, sucrose, glycosides of cyclo-aratane sapogenin curculigosaponins G, H, I, J, K, L, and M, curculigenin B and C, glycoside yuccagenin and lycorine. Root oil contains fatty acids.

Use - It is used in jaundice, asthma, Gonorrhoea, skin diseases and urinary disorders. It is Diuretic and aphrodisiac. Tuberous roots used in skin troubles, demulcent, diuretic, tonic. Useful in diarrhoea, piles, jaundice and asthma in combination with aromatics and bitters

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

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