दीपनी- Trigonella foenum-graecum

Name - मॆथिका

Botanical name - Trigonella foenum-graecum

Description - Aromatic herbs. Leaves pinnate, 3-foliolate; leaflets oblanceolate, obscurely dentate. Flowers white or yellowish-white, axillary. Pod 10 to 20-seeded; seeds greenish-brown.

Chemical Constituents- It Contains about 28% of mucilage, 22% of proteins and 6% of fixed oil. Plant contains polysaccharide galactomannans, trigocoumarin. Stems contain saponin. Leaves contain diosgenin, tigogenin, gitogenin, graecumin A-G, trigonelloside C, vitamins. Fruits contain vitamins. Seeds contain tigogenin. neotigogenin, diosgenin, yamogenin, gitogenin, yamogenin tetroside B and C, alkaloid trigonelline, two flavonoid glycosides, quercetin, luteolin and two steroidal saponins which on hydrolysis yield diosgenin and gitogenin, also fenugreek oil.

Use - Seeds aromatic, carminative, tonic and galactogogue; anti-dysenteric and refrigerent. also used in poultices for boils and ulcers and given internally as an emollient in intestinal inflammation.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants