छिन्नरुहा - Tinospora cordifolia

 

Name - गुडूची

Botanical name - Tinospora cordifolia

Description - Tinospora cordifolia is an extensive glabrous climber, with succulent stems, throwing aerial roots like the common Banyan (Ficus) tree. Stems and branches specked with white glands.-- Leaves membranous, broadly ovate, cordate at base cordate, ovate or roundish, 5-10 cm 7-9 nerved; petioles slightly shorter than leaves. Flowers minute, Yellow coloured, axillary terminal racemes. Male flowers fascicled and females usually solitary, Fruits 1 - 3 drupes size of a pea, red.

Chemical Constituents- It contains berberine, giloin and giloinin and some bitter principles Plant contains quaternary alkaloid magnoflorine, tembestarine. Stem contains furanoid diterpene - tinosporin, tinosporide, tinosporidine, beta-sitosterol. Stem-wood contains tinosporaside. Leaves contain cordifol, heptacosanol and octacosanol

Use - The stems of the plant collected in hot season and dried, with bark intact, constitute the drug. The drug is believed to be useful as a tonic and antiperiodic; it is also considered aphrodisiac. The starch obtained from the roots and stems of the plant is useful in diarrhoea and dysentery, it is also a nutrient-- Leaf decoction given in gout. Root is a powerful emetic and used for visceral obstruction; its watery extract is used in leprosy. Pulverized fruit is used as a tonic

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.

medicinal plants